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Vintage Military Tools & Equipment Gallery

Pictured below are some images and information from our personal collections.

Support Information has been gleaned from collections and catalogue material, and additional information, corrections etc are invited

Where we have made statements or assumptions in error, corrections etc are invited.

Entrenching Tools

Wire Cutters

Rifle Tools, Gun Tools, Tool Kits & Maintenance Tools

Machetes

Mystery Items / Tools (ID required)

Item
Notes
ENTRENCHING TOOLS

 

Picture © Ozwrenches

Only markings: Military broad arrow and number 38 "^ 38" This could be an inspection mark or a year, not sure which.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Brades 1915

The Implement, Intrenching, pattern 1908 - Head, Mark II replaced the Mark I issue with List of Changes entry §15905, dated 4th August 1911

Note that the Brades 1944 example below does not appear to be significantly different.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Brades 1944

The Implement, Intrenching, pattern 1908 - Head, Mark II replaced the Mark I issue with List of Changes entry 15905, dated 4th August 1911

 

Note that this is similar to the Mark 1

Picture © Ozwrenches

Brades 1944

The Implement, Intrenching, pattern 1908 - Head, Mark II replaced the Mark I issue with List of Changes entry §15905, dated 4th August 1911

Note that this is similar to the Mark 1

Stores Ref. J1/JA 6022 Implement, entrenching, Patt. '37, helve, Mark II, complete with bayonet adaptor. This version had an adapter fitting on the end, so that a "spike" Bayonet from the Lee-Enfield No. 4 Rifle could be fitted to it, for use as a mine probe.

Reference: The Karkee Web Collection.

Too late gone to a new home

Picture © Ozwrenches

Brown & Son 1917 Melbourne

 

"Implement, Intrenching, pattern 1908" - Head (Australian version) During the Great War, a version of the Patt. '08 Entrenching tool head was produced in Australia that was not a single casting, but was instead made of pieces of shaped steel riveted together. This example is maker marked "Brown & Son Melbourne" and dated 1917 

Picture © Ozwrenches

The pick head is only marked with a G in vertical diamond, followed by 43.

The helve is marked "C.W.T.^ 1945 "

Stores Ref. J1/JA 6022 Implement, entrenching, Patt. '37, helve, Mark II, complete with bayonet adaptor. This version had an adapter fitting on the end, so that a "spike" Bayonet from the Lee-Enfield No. 4 Rifle could be fitted to it, for use as a mine probe.

Seen in the picture is such a bayonet

We do not know whom the initials refer to, info sought.

Make contact on the link above.

Picture © Ozwrenches

1908 pattern single casting.

Although made in Australia, this one by Horwood Bagshaw, (just one of the many companies which helped out with war time production when required) is a single casting rather than the typical Australian riveted type.

Picture © Ozwrenches

H V McKay Entrencher dated 1916.

Others seen with this date, the marks can be in different places.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Implement, Intrenching, pattern 1908 - Head (Australian version) During the Great War, a version of the Patt. '08 Entrenching tool head was produced in Australia that was not a single casting, but was instead made of pieces of shaped steel riveted together. This example is maker marked "Meadowbank Australia " and dated 1917. 

 

Picture © Ozwrenches

Implement, Intrenching, pattern 1908 - Head (Australian version) During the Great War, a version of the Patt. '08 Entrenching tool head was produced in Australia that was not a single casting, but was instead made of pieces of shaped steel riveted together. This example is maker marked "Meadowbank Australia " and dated 1917.

This one is a variation on the one above, with folded upswept sides to enhance it's digging and soil removal abilities. It is not known if this is a factory or user modification.

Note the Arrow over C mark - not sure who that was. Info sought.

Picture © D Symons

Overall, McCray Ltd Sydney 1916

Another Australian entrenching mattock, but of the English pattern, ie single casting.

Overall, McCray Ltd Sydney were Merchants, Blacksmiths, Boilermakers and General Engineers according to Catalogue No 5 held at NLA from 1913, dealing with water boring equipment.

Picture © Ozwrenches

PERKS ↑1941

More Info, Reference: The Karkee Web Collection.

http://www.gracesguide.co.uk/File:Im1945Benn-Perks1.jpg

Picture © Ozwrenches

POLO 1944

Most likely an English maker

 Implement, Intrenching, pattern 1908 - Helve The Intrenching, pattern 1908 - Helve is a sturdy piece of ash or hickory, about 16 1/2-inches long, with a steel ferrule at one end. It is inserted through the eye of the Tool head. The Helve was unchanged throughout its original service life. Late in WWII, however, after the Implement, entrenching, pattern 1908 had been brought back into service, a Mk. II variant of the Helve would be introduced by ACI 976 dated June 1944. This version had an adapter fitting on the end, so that a "spike" Bayonet from the Lee-Enfield No. 4 Rifle could be fitted to it, for use as a mine probe.

Stores Ref. J1/JA 6022 Implement, entrenching, Patt. '37, helve, Mark II, complete with bayonet adaptor .

Reference: The Karkee Web Collection.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Implement, Intrenching, pattern 1908 - Head. marked Spear & Jackson Ltd 1916"

Picture © Ozwrenches

WILLIAMS & CO 1916 AUSTRALIA

Typical Australian Pattern with two piece, riveted construction.

Seeking info about this company.

Picture © Ozwrenches

J. Yates & Co / Birmingham

1918

This may be by John Yates & Co, Aston Manor, Birmingham: makers of edge tools, and picks, hoes etc.

A similar one dated 1944 has been seen on an online auction.

 

 

 

WIRE CUTTERS

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters marked "256 / 1944"

Maker not known to this collector

We have a duplicate of this item, condition - pitted in parts, no restraining hook.

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "AW over A" - Maker not known to this collector

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "CHATER LEA 1917"

Note from Brian Love: "CHATER LEA made motorcycles and cars"

Picture © Ozwrenches

Wire cutters marked CHEESMAN & Co 1917

E W Cheesman & Co were cutlery manufacturers of Sheffield

1918 Incorporated in Sheffield Steel Products Ltd

 

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "CHESTERMAN & Co 1917"

Picture © Ozwrenches

Military Wire Cutters
Marked "CHILLINGTON 1917"

See also 1940 version below and some advertising for the company

Picture © Ozwrenches

Military Wire Cutters
Marked "CHILLINGTON 1940"

Adv below from Graces Guide:
http://www.gracesguide.co.uk/File:1892_Wolverhampton_i0129.png

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "C.H.P 1944" - Maker - Charles H. Pugh

Charles Pugh, created the Whitworth Cycle Co

Charles H. Pugh Ltd was the company behind  Atco , the leading manufacturer of lawnmowers.

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "E.T.F.Ltd"

E.T.F. is Engineering Tool & Forgings Limited of St. Catharines, Ontario.

Info from Garage Gazette where there is a huge lot of info about ETF.

We have a duplicate of this item available, condition very good

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "GREGSTEEL" - Australian made by Gregory Steel Products. Also have one marked "GREGSTEEL PAT APP D^D in the original webbing.

We have a duplicate marked "GREGSTEEL" available, no webbing, condition good.

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

 

Marked "HOLTZAPFELL & Co LONDON"

 

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "H(S) Ltd 44" - Maker not known to this collector.

We have a duplicate available - condition - very good.

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "H(S) Ltd 44" - Maker not known to this collector

Variation on the one above

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "J.B.Ltd" - The initials J B Ltd can be attributed to James Bros of Sheffield.

Some clever sleuthing by Denise (junkyardmomma) indicates that the principles were James brothers, descendants of Robert James of Wache & James.
James Brothers consisted of Edmund Henry James & John Wache, James were operating in 1925 at 105-107 Trafalgar St. Sheffield.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "LANCASHIRE TOOL Co 1917"

Denise has found them on Grace's Guide. The Lancashite Tool Co was the largest maker of pliers in the UK in 1920.

In 1920 they, along with other companies were incorporated into Sheffield Steel Products.

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters Mark V

Marked only "14^ 116" - Maker not known to this collector

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters marked "1917 GEORGE PLUMPTON Ld"

The Plumpton company became part of Sheffield Steel Products (SSP ) in 1920.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Military Wire Cutters

Marked SSP 44, 8002/55 and more, but hard to read.

SSP is the mark of Sheffield Steel Products

Pictures © Greg Hannon

Thomas Smith & Sons of Saltley Ltd, 1917 (better known for their Snail Brand tools)

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "1942 Sunshine D^D" Made by Sunshine / Massey Harris.

 

Picture © Ozwrenches

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "1943 Sunshine D^D" Made by Sunshine / Massey Harris

This lot comes with a range of dates

We have duplicates with the 1943 datestamp - condition - Good and Very Good.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "1945 Sunshine D^D" Made by Sunshine / Massey Harris

This lot comes with a range of dates

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Unmarked, Maker not known

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "Wache & James 1917"

Some clever sleuthing by Denise (junkyardmomma) indicates that the principles were Wache, Louis & James, Robert both of Sheffield.

Furthermore that the cutters marked JB Ltd (see above) were by James brothers, descendants of Robert James of Wache & James.

We have a duplicate available, condition - Very Good.

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "WILKINSONS ENGLAND 7839037"

Picture © Ozwrenches

 

Military Wire Cutters

Marked "WOLSELEY 1916"

We have a duplicate available, condition - Very Good.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Listed as Cutters, Wire, Type 6 in the "Descriptive Catalogue of Special Devices and Supplies, Compiled & Issued by M.O.I.(S.P.) The War Office 1944"

Ref WD Militaria Code: 12769

This example is not marked in any way.

 

ELWELL 1945 Breakout Axe

marked also 27 N/I and broad arrow

Not sure if this is a military unit, info requested.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Wooden Handled Screwdriver.

It has aa broad arrow beside letter "N" - is this Navy?

If so what would it have been used for? It looks like the screwdriver from Vincent Motorbike Tool Kits.

Gun Tools, Kits & Maintenance Tools

Spring Tester for Lee Enfield rifles

Some eaxamples of their use are for testing spring pressure on:
Trigger
Main spring
Extractor spring
Bolt head catch spring

 

Trigger-amp-Striker-Spring-Tester

Picture © Ozwrenches

Combo Tool for Machine Gun, BESA.

Uncorroborated identification suggests that it is for the BESA medium machine gun as used in British tanks during WW2.

History Note on the BESA - The Machine Gun, BESA was a British version of the Czechoslovakian ZB-53 heavy machine gun, used by the UK for tank armament in World War II. The name came from the British company that took the license and produced the gun in the UK - the Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA).

Boys Rifle spanner

Boys Anti Tank rifle

Picture © Ozwrenches

Combination tool for the Browning .30 Cal M6 MG.

Note that one pricker has been snapped off - we would like to add a complete one to the collection.

We have a duplicate available - condition - like the one pictured.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Three views of a tool for the .50 Cal MG.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Tool Roll / Kit for Swedish Ag m/42B Rifle

Picture © Ozwrenches

Combination tool for Swedish Ag m/42B Rifle (as seen in the kit above)

We have a duplicate available, condition - Very Good.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Tool Roll / Kit for L1A1 SLR

Marked on vinyl fold over flap: "ROLLS CLEANING ACCESSORIES 7.62MM RIFLE MK1, CAT NO 1008 . 66 . 100 . 2015"

Picture © Ozwrenches

Multi Tool for L1A1 SLR similar to one seen in tool kit above

Picture © Ozwrenches

Spare Parts Tool Roll / Kit for Bren Gun.

Marked in black print on Khaki wallet as follows:

"WALLET. SPARE PARTS.
BREN .303 in M.G. MK.I"

Also marked inside on flap: M.E.Co 1942 ^ 42"

This is thought to be by Mills Equipment Company who have made military webbing since before the 1900's

This webbing / bag is purported to be for the spare barrel for a Bren Gun. The little metal oil bottle is right but unmarked. The webbing has no makers marked either.

There are pouches externally and internally.

I may have been misled, but it looks right. Info required

Picture © Ozwrenches

Multi Tool for Bren Gun

Marked only "NTC" (note the T is larger than other letters)

Similar to the one in the Bren Gun kit above.

Corres from Joe Otmar reveals that according to Ian Skennerton, renouned author on Australian military arms, NTC stands for Norton Toothell & Co of 16 Barack St, Sydney.

An advertisment dated 11 June 1946, has them at 40 King St, Sydney (NLA)

Picture © Ozwrenches

Oil Can for Bren Gun, stamped REGA on base.

REGA is an Australian Maker.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Maintenance Tool for Vickers MG

Picture © Ozwrenches

11 inch Diamond Caulk adjustable wrench,

stamped "U.S.N. N.A.F. 1106-4"

This is a US Navy wrench, marked with the Naval Aircraft Factory mark

Picture © Ozwrenches

Browning MG30. In use from WW1 thru WW2 and made to hold oil as part of the cleaning and maintenance kit.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Possibly a military oiler, no makers mark, no military stamp.

It might have has a brush component to the cap, but some previous owner has fashioned a felt filled oil applicator out of a spent cartridge.

The cleaning cloth was wound around the applicator and the whole lot fits down the spout and into the cap, like a typical brush would.

Info sought.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Two Gallon Fuel Tin. No maker evident.

Only marked D^D. Diecast alloy screw top has deteriorated over time (due to impurities I have been told)

Pictured immediately below are some reference pics and info from the website vickersmachinegun.org.uk which indicates that this can could be a steam condensing can for Vickers Machine Guns.

Note from Joe Otmar, thanks Joe

DOE spanner marked with jaw sizes in AF and "VI Ltd ^ 1945/ 12/4229"

Not sure if VI is Vickers - info required.

   
AERO TOOLS found in Australia

AT-8069

AT-8067

AT-9213.

7.5 to 8.5 inches these are spanners from Packard built Rolls Royce Merlin Engines as used in Spitfire Fighters and Lancaster Bomber Planes.

FB26461 DOE, Whitworth and BSF sizes marked.

Bristol aero engine spanner from between the wars. All Bristol tools were prefixed FB as most of the engines inter war were designed by Fedden & Butler.

Ref Dave Dunn of the Vintage Tool Company

FB42492

Thought to be another Bristol Tool.

More info required.

Shelley Cone Pliers W ^ D

Marked with the War Department initials and broad arrow.

Aerol Strut Wrench

info required

   
   
Machetes Found in Australia

Picture © Ozwrenches

Machete marked "Hand Bolo Forged".

Nothing to suggest military use

Picture © Ozwrenches

Diamond Brand 16" Made in China.

No indication if it is a military item.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Machete marked "Dragon No 330 Made in Poland", with pictorial dragon

No indication if it is a military item.

Picture © Ozwrenches

LIM-TRIM by Sheffield Steel Machetes

No indication if it is a military item.

Picture © Ozwrenches

D ^ D DC 44

Military acceptance mark over DC 44 which is thought to mean Die Casters 1944. Complete with webbing scabbard.

Handle is some sort of plastic like Bakelite, good condition.

More info

Picture © Ozwrenches

D ^ D MP 44

Military acceptance mark over MP 44 which is thought to mean Marsden Products Pty Ltd of Sydney 1944. Marsden Products were a Division of Lysaght (Steel) Works Ltd.

Martindale Birmingham Made in England, Registered, No358, crocodile graphic.

This example has a plastic handle

No Military marks

Too late gone to a new home

Martindale Birmingham Made in England, Registered, No358, crocodile graphic.

This example has a wooden handle.

No Military marks.

Too late gone to a new home

TRAIL BLAZER Saw Edge

No Military marks.

Picture © Ozwrenches

Described to me by a knowledgeable collector as a Chinese copy of the American Vietnam machete. Info invited.

   

Mystery Military Tools

If you can identify or supply some info about the items below, please make contact

Wrench Breech mechanisn No 305 O.G.R. 1943

Not known to this collector what gun this is for.

It fits a 5/8" AF hex nut and is 6.5 inches long.

Maker symbol is a broad arrow through letter C, see inset.

 

Info required.

Mystery tool No 1

"Span Buf & RE Cup..." etc see image

Suggestion that N signifies Navy

Mystery tool No 2

Chain Breaker with unusual thumb adjustment.

Feedback from junkyardmomma states that this is a common Pennant brand chain breaker. Interned searches reinforces that.

This was presumably one supplied with BSA military motorbikes, more info required.

Mystery tool No 3

Key No 157 Mk1 - two versions - what is a no 251 Fuze?

Feedback from junkyardmomma states that this is a spanner for Percussion fuze No. 251 which was used on Shell HE Mk 4T on 40 mm Bofors Anti aircraft guns.

 

Mystery tool No 4

Multi Screwdriver No 1B 25580 /42

Thought to be for setting fuzes on artillery shells - any info?

Mystery tool No 5

Pin Spanner marked "KESTREL CAMSHAFT"

I have seen this advertised as for Ford Mondeo, info required on all these mystery tools.

Contact from Henry R. "Hi, this is a total guess: I think the kestral camshaft tool is probably for a Rolls Royce Kestral aero engine."

Mystery tool No 6

This multi tool has a logo consisting of an oval outline with R ^ L inside. The L is not certain, as there is a small hole drilled through nearby.

What do the R^L military initials signify? What is it for?

Feedback from junkyardmomma states that "Ammunition stamped R/I\L was manufactured at the Royal Laboratory Woolwich" so possibly this is a tool was from the same place..

Further info from Damien Allan states that R^L made ammunition & fuses and this spanner would have been for setting and stripping artillery fuzes.

Periscope Type C, Part No WC342, 1942.

What does MPLS mean?, what was this small (~10") periscope used for?

Info required:

Response from a researcher:

"I contacted The Australian Armour & Artillery Museum (Queensland) and received the following information:

- (This is a) WW2 tank periscope

- (It was) Used in a variety of US made tanks and armoured vehicles (ex. M3 Stuart tank and the Staghound armoured car).

- MPLS HON REG CO - manufacturer - Minneapolis branch of the Honeywell Regulator Company. "

Short spanner marked G ^ T

Which arm of the military does this signify?

What is it for?

Info required

Spanner No 235 Hor(izontal) Air Pumps MP 1942 D^D

Info required

Feedback from Mr Brutel in France near Dunkirk, suggests that it is for the "BRITISH GOODRICH WOOD MILNE FOOT PUMP"

Mr Brutel has a similar item but the date is 1922, see picture below with the foot pump, and bottom left.

RCD on the spanner indicates it was made by Royal Carriage Department at Woolwich

Info from Damien indicates that the foot pump was used to recharge the compressed air in artillery hydropneumatic recoil systems.

Spanner number B183364, for follower B168381 Recoil Packing

Info required

Typical IHC - International Harvester wrench - presumably used for Military trucks used in the Australian Army, manufactured at the Dandenong Plant - no IHC number or size marked.

It has the D^D mark only

Info required .

Spanner 18190 TS & SOS 11/1917

Not known what for, TS & SOS stands for Thomas Smith & Sons of Saltley, Birmingham (better known for Snail Brand tools)

Info required

Restoration project

Damien Allan is restoring an 18 pounder and requires various tools for the tool box as lisited at right. If you can help out, make contact to this website and your info will be passed on.

 

At the moment I do not have much info except that the spanners are numbered and fit certain components of the gun. All are likely to be single open enders.

No.122 - probably for 1-1/8 AF hex nuts
No.123 - probably for 2-7/16 AF hex (for 1-5/8 Whitworth nuts)  but may also include a 1-5/8, 1-11/16 or 1-3/4 AF  as a double ender?
No.129 - may be a small open ended spanner or maybe a square socket type 1/2 or 5/8 AF
No.244 - small open ender 0.600AF no thicker than 5/32in.

There are also two MacMahon spanners - a 15 inch and a 9 inch.  I am not sure what a MacMahon spanner is, but I expect these will be some sort of adjustable spanner / shifter.

There are also two MacMahon spanners - a 15 inch and a 9 inch.  I am not sure what a MacMahon spanner is, but I expect these will be some sort of adjustable spanner / shifter.

Also there is reference to "Tool, withdrawing split pins"  any ideas what that may look like?

I am looking for all of the above spanners.  They may be marked RCD (Royal Carriage Department), VSM (Vickers Sons and Maxim), EOC (Elswick Ordnance Co.), WB & Co (William Beardmore & Co) or COW (Coventry Ordnance Works) or other contemporary spanner maker.  All would be dated between 1905 to 1918, but may have been made up to 1945.  Thanks in advance for any assistance.

   
   

Note to potential buyers

The items dispalyed above are from my personal collection.

I do have some dulpicates which I will part with, however. Fair and reasonable offers only considered.